We can best capture the atmosphere of the city in a tour that begins on Václavské náměstí with the newly-opened (1) and the 12th century Přemyslovský palace. Just a few steps away there is the which has one of the tallest spires in the country. We walk along Wurmova Street to Biskupské náměstí with its palatial 17th century buildings, the (2) and the Tereziánská zbrojnice (Maria Theresa Armoury) (3). We walk along Křížkovského Street, where Palacký University is situated, and reach náměstí Republiky, the central motif of which is the (5). Here we can visit the (Local Study Museum) (6) and the (Art Museum) (7), and also the (Church of the Virgin Mary of the Snow) (8). We leave the square along Univerzitní Street and pass the boarding school, part of which is the (Corpus Christi Chapel) (9), The and the (10), and arrive at Žerotínovo náměstí, where there is another church that is worth our attention, the (11). From here we zig-zag through the narrow streets of the old town to Dolní náměstí, where there are more baroque fountains ( (12) and ( 13)) and the original . Before we go to Horní náměstí and to the astronomical clock on the , we shall pass by another fountain, , dating from 2002. On Horní náměstí we shall stop at the famous (15), from where we can see the facades of the (16) and (17). Here we can see more fountains ( (18), (19) and (20) and the (21)). We end our trip by the Terezská brána (Theresa Gate) (22), which we reach by walking down Pavelčákova Street alongside theWater Barracks.
Maybe you were unaware that...
- The was built as an expression of thanks for surviving the plague epidemic in Moravia. Its builder, Render, believed it to be insufficiently spectacular, and so he had the idea of building a far more magnificent column on Horní náměstí.
- The Olomouc is the masterwork of several artists and master craftsmen, but it did not bring them a great deal of luck. The first to die during the construction was Václav Render himself. Luck did not shine on his successors, either, as František Thoneck, Jan Václav Rokický and Augustin Scholtz also all failed to see the finished product, and it was left to Rokický’s son Jan Ignác to complete the project.
- The gilded replicas of cannon balls remind us that the column was hit on several occasions by Prussian mortar fire during the siege in 1758. The people of Olomouc went out in a procession to ask the Prussian general to stop his soldiers from firing at the monument. General James Keith acceded to their wishes and so the column was saved from further damage.