Brno is an important urban monument reservation and the second largest city in the Czech Republic. There has been continuous settlement here since the arrival of the Slavs in the 6th century, through the period of the Great Moravian Empire, and to the present day. Since the end of the 13th century the city has been protected by the Špilberk Castle, which over time became the seat of the Moravian Margraves from the Luxembourg family and the Moravian regional capital. As with other cities, Brno has hidden secrets, for example the underground catacombs. For tourists from all over the world the greatest attraction is the Tugendhat Villa, which is the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe's most important European work, which was inscribed in the UNESCO List in 2001.
The Tugendhat Villa, built in 1929 - 1930 in Brno, is one of the most important examples of the functionalist style in the European period of the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Using a steel frame without load-bearing walls allowed the architect to create the new and informal concept of an open and variable space that is linked with its natural surroundings.